Institutionalization of knowledge management strategies in agricultural research organizations: a systematic literature review


  • Boniface Akuku University of Nairobi
  • Robert Oboko School of Computing and Informatics, University of Nairobi
  • Timothy Mwololo Waema School of Computing and Informatics, University of Nairobi,


Knowledge Management, Knowledge Management Strategy, Institutionalization, Adoption, Implementation, Entrenchment, process, practice, influencing factors


In recent years Knowledge Management (KM) has emerged as a significant field for research and practitioners in Information Systems (IS) domain. Despite the rapid growth in literature, the concept of institutionalization of KM strategies in organizations is understudied. Consistent with a “practice turn” emphasis in recent literature in IS strategy-related studies, this study examines the body of knowledge on institutionalization of KM strategies in Agricultural Research organizations (AROs). A complimentary approach combining systematic and hermeneutics literature review methods is used to search, select, analyze extant literature and presentation of study results.  While studies have expanded neo-institutional theory and recommends linking process analysis to context with a specific focus on organizational level analysis, the concepts are not used in extant literature. Similarly, a comparative analysis studies or a framework to compare similar or different contexts with regard to institutionalization processes or practices of KM strategies is not found in extant literature. A conclusion is drawn that micro-processes analysis of institutionalization of KM strategies at organizational level in practice are not adequately explored. To date it is not known how KM strategies are adopted, implemented and entrenched in organizations including what processes takes place in day-to-day activities, yet literature continues to report that AROs are facing difficulties this area.

Author Biography

Timothy Mwololo Waema, School of Computing and Informatics, University of Nairobi,

Timothy Mwololo Waema is an information system academic and practitioner. He has worked for many years at the intersection of information technology, strategy, policy and innovation. He has extensive ICT consultancy experience that spans over 30 years in both private and public sector organizations in Kenya and the African region in many aspects of ICTs and development. He has also published widely in journals, conference proceedings and in books. He is Full Professor of Information Systems in the School of Computing and Informatics in the University of Nairobi, Kenya. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Strategic Management of Information Systems from the University of Cambridge (UK) and a Bachelors Honours Degree in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from the University of Bath (UK).


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